Most of us experience fluctuations in moods or emotional challenges. It is when these disruptions in mood, behavior or thought process start affecting social interactions adversely,that we can call them mental health disorders.
When a person reacts to certain things irrationally with heightened fear or anxiety, it is called an Anxiety Disorder. Various phobias and panic attacks form part of this. The person finds it difficult to control the inappropriate reaction and the reaction is also typically accompanied by physical symptoms like sweating or increased heart rates.
According to WHO, these disorders can also have symptoms like trembling, inability to concentrate, headaches, dizziness and a dry mouth.
The obsessive compulsion to clean one’s hands because of a fear of germs is a classic widespread anxiety disorder. The person becomes obsessed with something out of fear and will compulsively repeat the same behavior over and over. The fears are called obsessions and the habits the person forms to deal with the fear are called compulsions.
These involve conflicted relationships with the body and eating. Bulimia (overeating) or anorexia (fear of eating to the point of starvation to lose weight) are common eating disorders.
People with these disorders tend to hallucinate or delude themselves into believing something fantastic or absurd. Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder.
As per WHO, Schizophrenia is also characterized by delusions of control, catatonic behavior like posturing or excitement, loud broadcasting of thoughts, or even paucity of speech, social withdrawal and apathy.
When a person swings between extreme sadness or extreme happiness, this is a mood disorder, called Bipolar disorder. The person may also experience long, persistent feelings of sadness or despair like in depression.
In a Depression, the person loses interest in day to day activities, withdraws from relationships and feels low most of the time. The person may also feel suicidal some times. There is also a loss of appetite and sleep. It also comes with huge loss of self-esteem.
Impulse Control or Addiction Disorders:
The people afflicted with this find it difficult to control their impulses for things that could be harmful. Kleptomania or compulsive need to steal is an example of this disorder. Addiction to alcohol and drugs are also rampant and some of the more frequent mental health issues all over the world.